The people’s buildings are the new way to explore diversified housing security.
In August 2017, the Ministry of Land, the Ministry of Housing and Construction jointly issued the "Utilizing the Construction Lease Housing Pilot Program". After three years, the pilot initiatives were gradually settled, and the exploration of the development of the universities into the market, improved the system construction, smooth multi-party participation channels, continuously in practice for the rich lease market, and enhancing the experience of residents living in residents. Experience. Currently, multiple collective land construction rental housing projects are carried out. Over the past 3 years, what positive progress is made? What can be promoted, can be reproduced? Many experts said in an interview with reporters that exploring the use of collective construction sites in accordance with the planning of rental housing, and promoting the establishment of a urban-rural unified land market, increase the supply of rental housing, and play a positive role in the far-rented countryside. With the construction of rental housing, collective land leasing housing will give more affordable features.
The construction of breaking obstacles is constantly improving rental housing is an important part of my country’s construction housing security system. Among them, the market of collective land can not only effectively supplement the rental supply, but also an important measure to protect residents’ residential needs and stimulate urban vitality. In the past three years, from the central to the local, from the system construction to the landing pilot, all the investment of collective land "into the market" will continue to introduce the use of institutional guarantees for universal collective business construction.
In August 2019, the 12th meeting of the 13th National People’s Congress finalized the newly revised "Land Management Law" was implemented on January 1, 2020. Compared with this, the new "Land Management Law" has been deleted "Engage in non-agricultural construction must use state-owned land or the original collective land of state-owned original land", which clarifies industrial, commercial and other collective business construction land owners. Through the use of letting, rent, etc., the use of the unit or individual is used to crack the legal barriers of rural collective business construction land. In April of the same year, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the "Opinions on Building a more complete marketing system," proposed a number of requirements in the "establishing a unified construction land market for urban and rural areas", which gives the collective land reform to give more actual landing levels Clear path and guidance. Including, "Investigation of the Guidance of Rural Collective Construction Land", "Expanding State-owned Land Handling Use Scope", "Establishing the Value Added Revenue Distribution System Income in Farmland". Not only that, but each pilot city collective construction land construction leased housing pilot program has been approved and gradually. At present, the turbine leasing projects in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other places have started, and different degrees of progress have been made.
Data show that since 2017, the country’s 18 collective land rental housing pilot cities launched over 150 pilot project site.
Among them, Beijing has 39 collective land rental housing project started, can provide more than housing units, two projects have been put into operation.
The end of October, Hefei’s first use of collective construction land for the construction of rental housing apartment project foreshore come open and operating, total construction area of square meters, built 514 sets of rental housing.
In addition, the collective construction land rental housing pilot projects Shanghai, Guangzhou and other places have started the implementation of the future is expected to have more pilot projects into the operational phase. "With the construction of rental housing pluralistic system, the collective land rental housing will play a more affordable functionality." Huang Hui, senior analyst at Shell Research Institute, said there had collective land poor mobility, low utilization situation. Through the construction of collective land rental housing, to break the urban-rural dual structure, to alleviate the rental housing supply and demand and revitalize the rural collective land idle play an active role. Parties involved in the construction of new paths to explore pilot three years, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, including 18 pilot cities pilot.
Among them, Beijing as the first pilot city, not only to achieve the market success of the first pilot projects, but also to provide more reference experience for the other cities.
As early as September 2011, Beijing took the lead in the Ministry of Land and approval of collective land to build rental housing pilot.
In this round of the pilot, the Beijing policy first, around collective land rental housing pilot project has introduced a number of management policies, and actively explore market-oriented operation mechanism, a one-time subsidies by supporting measures to encourage the parties to participate in the main building. We have achieved a breakthrough in the progress of the project, the effect and operation mechanism. In July, the country’s first collective land lease community project Chengshousi Beijing officially put into operation. Joint venture project in northern region deputy general manager of Vanke Group has Wei said that as a pilot rental housing project in Beijing the first collective construction land, the project can proceed smoothly with government support policies to promote and broaden the channels for enterprises to participate in the construction of affordable housing , a useful attempt in exploring the collective land market-oriented operation.
According to reports, the project, the village collective project Chengshousi lease the right to operate private enterprises in cooperation with the way, 45 years of management rights and benefits after the transfer of the right to carry out the project will be built by the construction company responsible for the pre-investment and post-operation. On the income distribution, the two sides agreed on the minimum amount of annual income payments. If earnings exceed expectations, the village collective also receive a certain percentage of excess returns.
Director of the National Development and Strategy Institute for Urban and Real Estate Research Center of Renmin University of China expressed great condition, collective land shares not only intensive farming collective land rental housing, utilizing idle land collective efficacy, but also to stimulate the enthusiasm of rural collectives and farmers, protect farmers’ rights and interests, to obtain higher than the rate of return on agricultural production.
Huang Hui told reporters, after exploration, collective land rental housing project currently has formed four kinds replicable model of cooperation.
Including: a solid economic foundation rural collective self-investment and construction; rural collective land use rights shares, of joint ventures with state-owned enterprises building; village collective project-management rights for rent to cooperate with private enterprises in construction; collective land into the market pilot areas state-owned enterprises and private enterprises direct purchase of rural collective construction land use rights.
"Most villages lack the collective operation and management capabilities, to market-oriented institutions involved in operations have a greater demand, both the construction and operation of collective rental housing through the joint venture, shares, etc., can give full play to their respective advantages, security projects successfully market operations.
"Huang Hui represents the continued exploration experts: to promote the standardization of the construction project after three years of development, collective land rental housing in the pilot standard management mechanism, improve the operational mechanism, to achieve a breakthrough in product design iterations and so on.
But overall perspective, development of the industry is still in the early stages of exploration development, institution building, business models and other parties yet to continuous improvement in inspection. Speaking to reporters Zeng Wei, the occupancy rate is an important indicator of commercial property affecting operations stability, distance from the heart of the city, surrounding the extent of complete and perfect and so will some impact on the occupancy rate for the land, the future expansion of community building long-term lease and an important factor to consider when operating. Experts pointed out that the market forces to participate in the collective land rental housing construction has been initially explored a possible execution paths. But there are still relatively low degree of standardization projects, large-scale promotion is subject to the issue of collective land transfer case and so on. Huang Hui said that although the policy to encourage a large number of real estate development enterprises have obtained land and collective self-sustaining land for development policy rental housing project, but the project still faces a future of low investment in high-yield, lack of operating experience and other large rental community Practical problems.
Since no collective land ownership, corporate collateral subject to a single way of gaining access to debt financing also brings some difficulties. In this regard, he suggested that, in terms of institution building, to further clarify the distribution of benefits and mechanisms of cooperation process, establishment of corporate policies and the village collective system, promote information transparency.
To lease the actual needs of groups, collective land rental housing to further improve product design standards.
In addition, the proposed attention rent tax collection ratio of enterprises, strengthen the collective land leasing companies financial support, and promote the sound development of the industry.
For the enterprises themselves, "In the future, you need to further clarify the target audience positioning, product of continuous iterative optimization customer base around the living experience, explore and optimize the business model the way they operate, stable long-term lease communities live." Said Huang Hui .
(Editor: Wang Renhong, Ji Qirui) Sharing let more people see.